Jun 212020

So, for a decade now, I’ve been looking at a way of un-tethering myself from VoIP and radio applications. Headsets are great, but it does mean you’re chained to whatever it’s plugged into by your head.

Two solutions exist for this: get a headset with a wireless interface, or get a portable device to plug the headset into.

The devices I’d like to use are a combination of analogue and computer-based devices. Some have Bluetooth… I did buy the BU-1 module for my Yaesu VX-8DR years, and still have it installed in the FTM-350AR, but found it was largely a gimmick as it didn’t work with the majority of Bluetooth headsets on the market, and was buggy with the ones it did work with.

Years ago, I hit upon a solution using a wireless USB headset and a desktop PC connected to the radio. Then, the headset was one of the original Logitech wireless USB headsets, which I still have and still works… although it is in need of a re-build as the head-band is falling to pieces and the leatherette covering on the earpieces has long perished.

One bug bear I had with it though, is that the microphone would only do 16kHz sample rates. At the time when I did that set-up, I was running a dual-Pentium III workstation with a PCI sound-card which was fairly frequency-agile, so it could work to the limitations of the headset, however newer sound cards are generally locked to 48kHz, and maybe support 44.1kHz if you’re lucky.

I later bought a Logitech G930 headset, but found it had the same problem. It also was a bit “flat” sounding, given it is a “surround sound” headset, it compromises on the audio output. This, and the fact that JACK just would not talk to it any higher than 16kHz, meant that it was relegated to VoIP only. I’ve been using VoIP a lot thanks to China’s little gift, even doing phone patches using JACK, Twinkle and Zoom for people who don’t have Internet access.

I looked into options. One option I considered was the AstroGaming A50 Gen 4. These are a pricey option, but one nice feature is they do have an analogue interface, so in theory, it could wire direct to my old radios. That said, I couldn’t find any documentation on the sample rates supported, so I asked.

… crickets chirping …

After hearing nothing, I decided they really didn’t want my business, and there were things that made me uneasy about sinking $500 on that set. In the end I stumbled on these.

Reading the specs, the microphone frequency range was 30Hz to 20kHz… that meant for them to not be falsely advertising, they had to be sampling at at least 40kHz. 44.1 or 48kHz was fine by me. These are pricey too, but not as bad as the A50s, retailing at AU$340.

I took the plunge:

RC=0 stuartl@rikishi ~ $ cat /proc/asound/card1/stream0 
Unknown manufacturer ATH-G1WL at usb-0000:00:14.0-4, full speed : USB Audio

  Status: Running
    Interface = 1
    Altset = 1
    Packet Size = 200
    Momentary freq = 48000 Hz (0x30.0000)
  Interface 1
    Altset 1
    Format: S16_LE
    Channels: 2
    Endpoint: 1 OUT (ADAPTIVE)
    Rates: 48000
    Bits: 16

  Status: Running
    Interface = 2
    Altset = 1
    Packet Size = 100
    Momentary freq = 48000 Hz (0x30.0000)
  Interface 2
    Altset 1
    Format: S16_LE
    Channels: 1
    Endpoint: 2 IN (ASYNC)
    Rates: 48000
    Bits: 16

Okay, so these are locked to 48kHz… that works for me. Oddly enough, I used to get a lot of XRUNS in jackd with the Logitech sets… I don’t get any using this set, even with triple the sample rate. This set is very well behaved with jackd. Allegedly the headset is “broadcast”-grade.

Well, not sure about that, but it performs a lot better than the Logitech ones did. AudioTechnica have plenty of skin in the audio game, have done for decades (the cartridge on my father’s turntable… an old Rotel from the late 70s) was manufactured by them. So it’s possible, but it’s also possible it’s marketing BS.

The audio quality is decent though. I’ve only used it for VoIP applications so far, people have noticed the microphone is more “bassy”.

The big difference from my end, is notifications from Slack and my music listening. Previously, since I was locked to 16kHz on the headset, it was no good listening to music there since I got basically AM radio quality. So I used the on-board sound card for that with PulseAudio. Slack though (which my workplace uses), refuses to send notification sounds there, so I missed hearing notifications as I didn’t have the headset on.

Now, I have the music going through the headset with the notification sounds. I miss nothing. PulseAudio also had a habit of “glitching”, momentary drop-outs in audio. This is gone when using JACK.

My latency is just 64msec. I can’t quite ditch PulseAudio, as without it, tools like Zoom won’t see the JACK virtual source/sink… this seems to be a limitation of the QtMultimedia back-end being used: it doesn’t list virtual sound interfaces and doesn’t let people put in arbitrary ALSA device strings (QAudioDeviceInfo just provides a list).

At the moment though, I don’t need to route between VoIP applications (other than Twinkle, which talks to ALSA direct), so I can live with it staying there for now.